Evolution and Medicine Network

Refresh your knowledge in the field of medicine and be updated with the latest advancements.

What We Do

Scientists and medical professionals

Get easy access to the blogs and articles published by some renowned experts in the medical industry.

evolution and medicine

Get the complete knowledge about the past, present, and future of medical sciences.

Educational opportunities

The complete educational guide for medical and paramedical courses offered all around the world.

book-stack-png

Courses on evolution and medicine

Evolution and Medicine Courses

  • Study materials from the last century to the present day is available.
  • Faculties are the pioneers in their field.
  • Courses made in such a way that they are able to survive on their own in the outside world.

About Us

Evolution and Medicine is fully dedicated to impart and to educate people and professionals in the field of medicine. Regular updates are done with the blogs and articles that are published by the experts in the industry. We make sure to give the details about every advancement in the field.

Our Blog

A Look at Antibiotics to Treat Pneumonia

Pneumonia

The treatment for pneumonia consists of curing the infection while preventing any further complications. Antibiotics are availed to treat bacterial pneumonia. Factors such as time and age should be considered. Treatment is precise when the particular type of bacteria causing the illness is identified and accordingly medications are used to treat it.

nucleuspneumonia

When an average person is diagnosed with pneumonia, the antibiotic of choice is Macrolide or doxy medications. A healthy person with asthma or other comorbidities are diagnosed, a combination of the medicines, Amox or augmentin plus macrolide or doxy. When an individual is diagnosed with series levels of pneumonia enough to be admitted in the hospital, an antibiotic course of ceftriaxone (amp, cefotaxime) should be administered. When the patient is not getting better after general care and is moved to the intensive care unit, antibiotic courses ceftriaxone or unasyn plus azithromycin or quin should be immediately administered. When the patient is sick enough for the need of Intensive Care Unit and is at the same time prone to high risk for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus or MRSA and pseudo, a combination of zosyn or cefepime, imipenem, and meropenem plus Vanco or linezolid. The absolute worst kind of pneumonia involves diagnosed patients exposed to high risk for MDROs or multi-drug resistant organisms and late-onset healthcare-associated pneumonia, hospital-acquired pneumonia or ventilator-associated pneumonia or VAP.  When treating such severe cases, a course of zosyn or cefepime, imipenem, meropenem plus Vanco or linezolid. When exposed to high risks for aggressive pseudo add quin, aminoglycoside plus azithromycin or quin plus an aminoglycoside.

 

If the patient fails to improve on augmentin, double check the required dose, while to address severe cases of pneumonia, high doses of typically 2grams twice a day are availed. Facts to note is the oral antibiotic for pneumonia are the macrolide, doxy, penicillins, and quins. The most common kind of bacteria that cause pneumonia is the H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae, M. pneumonia, and C. pneumonia. When the patient fails to get better on the first line of antibiotics, suspect the bacteria Legionella spp or drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae and DRSP. DRSP are resistant to macrolides and quins due to overuse of such medicines. When the patient persists to get better or is at risk for an MDRO because of the lifestyle of the patient, narrow down P. aeruginosa, E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter spp, MRSA or other anaerobes which usually exist from aspiration.

Medical advances we can expect in 2018

Advance treatment

Drones to distribute medicine to isolated areas

Due to the rapid improvement in technology, medical services can be reached in remote areas with the help of drones. What was once a dream is now becoming a reality? In 2016, reports were recorded of a start-up company deploying drones to deliver medicine in Rwanda. This method has since become routine and more areas will benefit through this method.

genetic research

Curing diseases through gene editing or CRISPR technology

One of the major medical breakthroughs recorded till date is the technique of editing embryos to avoid any possible genetic disorders. This method holds a lot of potentials as it can provide treatment for many diseases such as retinal degenerative disease and inherited diseases like cystic fibrosis and hemophilia.

ASL patients can communicate using their thoughts

Reports of a new technology which could help decode the views of those with functional brain activity but living in a wholly paralyzed body brought upon by a stroke, traumatic injury or ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis). The research has crossed beginning stages and awaiting trails.

Artificial pancreas for diabetes

In 2017, the first artificial pancreas systems were beginning to infiltrate the market to help people with diabetes regulate and regularize their insulin levels. These artificial pancreas systems will become more prominent in 2018 and further.

Reduction of LDL cholesterol

PCSK9 are powerful cholesterol drugs and are no doubt an enormous breakthrough. The study and findings were reassuring and recorded a 20 percent reduction in LDL from a group of over 20,000 patients.

Enhanced post surgery recovery

New research has been focused on ERAS or Enhanced Recovery After Surgery protocol that accounts for various methods of speeding up recovery after enduring surgery. It includes post-operative nutrition plans and alternative methods of pain medication to speed-up recovery. 2018 will see more hospitals looking at ERAS protocols.

More targeted and precise breast cancer therapies

2018 could see more precise treatments designed to target specific characteristics of cancer cells such as the protein which allows the cells to grow destructively.

Improved treatments for sleep apnoea

The new Remede sleep system is an implanted device that treats the central sleep apnoea by activating a nerve which sends signals to the diaphragm to stimulate proper breathing.

Next generation vaccines

The vaccine manufacturing process has been upgraded in 2018, involving freeze-drying so that vaccines can be safely kept and stored and transported to remote areas more effectively. Reports have been confirmed of companies investigating fast ways to manufacture vaccinations to make them more available.

The first human head transplant

Sergio Canavero is an Italian neurosurgeon set to perform the first human head transplant. This 36-hour lengthy procedure involves the removing the head of the subject and attaching it to a new body with all the nerves and blood vessels reattached along with the spinal cord glued with special bio-compatible glue.

Gas and Gas Pains

gaspains

Introduction

Gas in the digestive system is standard as it is part of the digestive process. Excess gas present in the body is usually removed from the system in the form of burps or by passing gas or flatus. Gas pain occurs when the gas is trapped and does not move well through the digestive system. An increase in the presence of gas causes gas pain may be as a result of eating food items that exude more gas. Simple changes in eating habits can significantly reduce gas. Specific digestive disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome or celiac disease may lead to an increase in gas and gas aches.

gas ache

Symptoms

Typical and precise symptoms of gas pains include:-

  • Passing gas
  • Excessive Burping
  • Cramps, pain or a knotted feeling in the abdomen
  • A sensation of feeling full or pressure in the stomach (bloating)
  • An observable increase in the size of the abdomen (distention)

Burping right after consuming a meal is considered normal. It is observed that a majority pass gas up to twenty times in a day. The general misconception of having gas may be inconvenient or embarrassing, burping and passing gas is rarely symptoms of a medical condition.

Causes

Gas in the stomach is primarily caused when swallowing air while you eat or drink, although most stomach gas is released when burping. Gas forms and accumulates in your large intestine or colon when bacteria begin to ferment the carbohydrates, fiber, starch, and sugar that aren’t properly digested in the small intestine. Bacteria consume some of the gas produced, but the majority of the remaining gas is released when gas is passed through the anus.

Some of the high-fiber food items that cause gas include:-

  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Whole grains
  • Beans and peas (legumes)

Fiber-rich food items are known to increase the production of gas. Despite this fact, fiber is essential for keeping the digestive tract in good working condition to regulate blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

 

Treatment

  • Avoid foods known to cause gas such as certain fruits like apples and pears, specific vegetables like broccoli, Brussels sprout and onions, dairy products and items containing sugar and starch.
  • Drink before meals, as drinking while consuming loosen stomach acids making it difficult to break down food. Drink 30 minutes before the meal to help better digestion.
  • Tend to eat and drink slowly. Rapid chewing and drinking can swallow a lot of air causing an increased presence of gas.
  • Consume over the counter digestive aid like Beano which contains an enzyme that can break down complex carbohydrates into more digestible sugars.
  • Consuming activated charcoal in the form of pills or liquid can reduce bloating and gas.
  • Avoid habits such as smoking, chewing gum and drinking through a straw as it can cause your stomach to fill up with air and lead to gas trouble.
  • Avoid artificial sweeteners such as sorbitol, and other sugar-related alcohols present in sugar-free food can aggravate gas.

Books on evolution and medicine

Here are our latest collection of books that deal with a lot of topics in the medical industry. They are available in physical stores and also online.

Readers say

Medicine and evolution are one of the best medical sites. As a person who is in the medical field, it really helps me a lot to keep me updated. Their blogs are very informative and useful.

Jose

Medicine and Evolution are really doing a very commendable job. They are very regular when it comes to updating their blogs and articles. They know the medical industry very well. If you want to know and understand the latest advancements in the medical industry, Medicine and Evolution is the ideal place.

Dorothy